Table of Contents – 13 Magnetic scattering: excitations

13.1 Excitations from low-lying states of a single ion: the crystal-field effect 432

13.2 Excitation spectra of spin pairs coupled by the Hiesenberg exchange interaction 434

13.3 Single molecular magnets 437

13.4 Spin waves of Heisenberg magnets 441

13.5 Itinerant electron magnetism 446

13.6 Concluding remarks 450

Further reading 450